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Scientific name: Thaumoctopus mimicus
Common names: Mimic Octopus
Conservation status: Not Evaluated
Geographic range: First discovered off the coast of Sulawesi, Indonesia in 1998. Thought to only inhabit the western and central Indo-Pacific until one was spotted near the Great Barrier Reef on a shallow sand flat off Lizard Island in June 2012. Little else appears to be known at this time.
Male and female adults usually die shortly after spawning and brooding, respectively.
This animal is so intelligent that it is able to discern which dangerous sea creature to impersonate that will present the greatest threat to its current possible predator. For example, scientists observed that when the octopus was attacked by territorial damselfish, it mimicked the banded sea snake, a known predator of damselfish.
Its diet most likely consists of small crustaceans and fish.
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